Sterility – the main causes: how it is examined and treated

Sterility or infertility is defined as the absence of pregnancy after one year of intercourse without contraception. In such cases, it is necessary to seek professional help. A period of one year is taken as a time determinant because 85-90% of couples get pregnant during this period, and it usually happens in the first six months.

The main causes of infertility
The most common causes of infertility (sterility), taking into account the causes by both women and men are the following:
• absence of ovulation (20-40%),
• pathology at the level of the fallopian tubes, most often obstruction that occurs as a consequence of infection or endometriosis, but also for other reasons (30-40%),
• male factor (30–40%).
• Idiopathic (unexplained) sterility.

In recent years, we have encountered a worrying increase in male infertility. Although there is no adequate explanation for the increasing infertility of men, the reasons should be sought in the modern way of life, which is characterized by stress, improper diet and technological development, which, in addition to benefits, also has negative consequences about which little is known.